Acupuncture is sometimes described by Western trained doctors and researchers as a "pseudo-science." It does not lend itself easily to Descartian analytical methods. Because energetic therapies often don't adhere to physical laws, there are many instances of research studies arriving at equivocal findings.

We live in a society that often discounts ideas, theories or practices that do not stand up to rigorous scientific examination. In Western civilization these standards have become the norm. That leaves progressive researchers with the task of establishing legitimacy for these types of practices in settings beyond traditional clinical or experiential outcomes. We need to answer the tough questions. The links and data here are an attempt to do that.

PET scan of brain after pain illicitation with baseline, treatment and control comparisons. Source: Dr. Zang Hee Cho, et al.